You are currently viewing An Overview of Allergy Medication Types

An Overview of Allergy Medication Types

  • Post category:Allergies

While there is no cure for allergies, there are several treatment options that can help reduce the symptoms. Read on to find out basic information with an overview of allergy medication types.


Perhaps the most commonly-known treatment is antihistamines. During an allergic reaction, histamines are released. Hence, the use of an antihistamine helps block the release of the chemicals and reduce symptoms.

Options are available in both over-the-counter and prescription forms. Antihistamines come as pills, eye drops, liquid or nasal sprays.


Decongestants help relieve congestion. Typically, they are taken along with antihistamines. Like their counterpart, they are available as pills, liquids, nasal sprays and eye drops. Although, nasal sprays and eye drops can only be used for a few days at a time.

Combination Allergy Drugs

Another must in an overview of allergy medication types is the combination options. These are what it sounds like—both an antihistamine and decongestant in one for multiple symptom relief.

Nasal Sprays

The use of nasal spray is effective if you mainly suffer from a runny nose. When sprayed in each nostril passage, it lessens the mucus produced by nasal glands.


Steroids can be a highly effective treatment option for chronic allergy suffering. However, they must be taken regularly, even if you don’t feel bad. It can also take a few weeks for them to be effective.

They help prevent and control symptoms associated with inflammation. Again, steroids come in a variety of forms from pills to topical creams.

Mast Cell Stabilizers

Mast cell stabilizers are used for mild to moderate allergy symptoms. They are available as eye drops or nasal sprays and may also take weeks to be effective.

Leukotriene Modifiers

Prescription only, leukotriene modifiers target asthma and nasal allergy symptoms. They are available as pills or chewable tablets. Talk to your doctor or allergist specialists for more about leukotriene modifiers.


Finally, immunotherapy may be one of the most effective treatments if you suffer from allergies for more than three months out of the year. Immunotherapy includes allergy shots that gradually expose you to the allergen—slowly building up a tolerance.

Again, this treatment is only offered under the care of doctors and trained specialists like you will find at one of our four locations.


Now that we’ve provided an overview of allergy medication types, if you have questions or think it may be time to consider different treatment options, contact us! We provide a range of services including allergy testing and immunotherapy. To find out more about us, our services and general ear, nose and throat health, continue to read our blogs.